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Derwent Valley Mills World Heritage Site

In December 2001 the Derwent valley between Matlock Bath and Derby was granted World Heritage Site status. This international designation confirms the outstanding importance of the area as the birthplace of the factory system, where water power was first successfully harnessed for textile manufacture - a milestone in the Industrial Revolution. Cromford is the site of Cromford Mill - first water powered cotton mill and is an important site in the Industrial Revolution. Sir Richard Arkwright, the owner of the mill was born in 1732 in Preston.

The Derwent Valley Mill World Heritage Site contains a series of historic mill complexes, including some of the world's first 'modern' factories. No less important are the watercourses that powered them, the settlements that were built for the mill workers, the canals, railways, roads and other supporting infrastructure - all in a beautiful landscape that has changed little over two centuries.

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Last Updated : Friday, 01-Feb-2019
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